Ehpad, early childhood… the sums to be invested to increase salaries and recruit in the care sector, according to the CGT

This campaign of the CGT comes at the right time. In the midst of the Orpea scandal, the trade union organization presented to the press, this Tuesday, February 1, the launch of a campaign “to revalue the work of care and bonding”. This is based in particular on a study of the Institute for Economic and Social Research (Ires), led by the economist Rachel Silvera and whose final results must be presented at the end of 2022. But according to an initial assessment unveiled on Tuesday, 87% of people occupying these care and of the link (caregiver, maintenance worker, maternal assistant, family assistant, midwife, specialist educator, nurse, etc.) expect above all a salary increase. Then, “they also want job creations,” said Rachel Silvera.

These are therefore two key issues for employees – very often women – working in the field of health, care and relationships. As part of its campaign, the CGT is therefore calling for massive investment in the sector, with supporting figures and studies. Starting from the observation that these professionals are victims of a “salary penalty” of 20 to 30% compared to other workers, Julie Valentin, lecturer at the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne and François-Xavier Devetter, professor of science economics at the University of Lille, have estimated for the CGT and the Ires the cost that a 25% increase in the salaries of care and link professionals already in post would represent.

Overall, such a measure would require an overall investment of just over 29 billion euros: around 2.6 billion in the field of early childhood, 5.3 billion in the field of old age, 7.7 billion for health professionals, 3.1 billion in the field of social action, and finally 10.4 billion for primary and pre-primary education.

Ideally, 1.3 million additional posts would be needed

Second major challenge in the care and link sector: job creation. To estimate the needs in each area, the two economists started from the departmental scale, comparing the number of professionals (nursing assistant, caregiver, etc.) working in a territory with their target patient population (number of children from under four years old, elderly or disabled, etc.). They were thus able to highlight the inequalities in terms of the number of employees between the departments.

To estimate the number of jobs necessary to meet the social needs deemed necessary in each territory, they assumed the alignment of the volume offered with a well-provided department. Their high hypothesis consists of aligning themselves with the second best provided department in an area (early childhood, loss of autonomy, etc.). Their low hypothesis takes as a reference the twenty-fifth best-endowed territory. In total, according to their study, it would be necessary to create 293,099 additional jobs in the care and link sector to deal with the most glaring inequalities between territories (low hypothesis). But in reality, it would take nearly 1.3 million additional jobs (high hypothesis) “to consider, throughout France, a level of quality service”, writes the CGT in a press kit.

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If we keep the low hypothesis of the two economists, namely the creation of nearly 300,000 new jobs, this would represent an overall cost of 8 billion euros. An investment “in the very short term in order to limit the most obvious territorial inequalities in terms of access to link and care services”, according to Julie Valentin and François-Xavier Devetter. But in their high hypothesis, the creation of nearly 1.3 million jobs would represent an investment of more than 51 billion euros, or 2% of French GDP.

It should be noted, however, that beyond the expenses that these two measures (salary increase and job creation) involve, they also have “expected positive effects”, insists Julie Valentin. For example, the creation of new jobs would make it possible to limit expenditure on replacement income (RSA, unemployment benefits, etc.).



Reference-www.capital.fr

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